The Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, indigenous to the district of Moruga in Trinidad and Tobago, is currently the world's hottest pepper. The New Mexico State University's Chili Pepper Institute has identified the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion as the newest hottest pepper in the world as of February 2012. According to the New Mexico State University Chili Institute, the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion ranks at 2,009,231 SHU on the Scoville scale, making it the hottest pepper in the world to date.
Paul Bosland, a renowned pepper expert and director of the Chili Institute, said that, "You take a bite. It doesn't seem so bad, and then it builds and it builds and it builds. So it is quite nasty."
The golf ball-sized pepper scored the highest among a handful of chili breeds reputed to be among the hottest in the world. Its mean heat topped more than 1.2 million units on the Scoville heat scale, while fruits from some individual plants reached 2 million heat units. The pepper has caused people to go to the hospital, and has given people rashes that have handled them.